Fair Value of Financial Instruments
|3 Months Ended|
May 31, 2019
|Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]|
|FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS||FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
Authoritative guidance establishes a framework for measuring fair value, including a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. The hierarchy includes three levels:
Fair value methodology
The following methods and assumptions are used to estimate the fair value for each class of our financial instruments:
Foreign currency and commodity derivative contracts
The fair value is estimated using market-based inputs, obtained from independent pricing services, entered into valuation models. These valuation models require various inputs, including contractual terms, market foreign exchange prices, market commodity prices, interest-rate yield curves, and currency volatilities, as applicable (Level 2 fair value measurement).
Equity securities – The fair value of the November 2017 Canopy Warrants and the November 2018 Canopy Warrants (both as defined in Note 9) is estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model (Level 2 fair value measurement). Refer to Note 9, for information on a modification of the November 2018 Canopy Warrants that occurred in June 2019. The inputs used to estimate the fair value of the warrants are as follows:
Debt securities, Convertible – In June 2018, we acquired convertible debt securities issued by Canopy for C$200.0 million, or $150.5 million (the “Canopy Debt Securities”). We have elected the fair value option to account for the Canopy Debt Securities, which at that time, provided the greatest level of consistency with the accounting treatment for the November 2017 Canopy Warrants. Interest income on the Canopy Debt Securities is calculated using the effective interest method and is recognized separately from the changes in fair value in interest expense. The Canopy Debt Securities have a contractual maturity of five years from the date of issuance but may be converted prior to maturity by either party upon the occurrence of certain events. At settlement, the Canopy Debt Securities can be settled at the option of the issuer, in cash, equity shares of the issuer, or a combination thereof. The fair value is estimated using a binomial lattice option-pricing model (Level 2 fair value measurement), which includes an estimate of the credit spread based on the implied spread as of the issuance date of the notes. The inputs used to estimate the fair value of the Canopy Debt Securities are as follows:
The revolving credit facility under our senior credit facility is a variable interest rate bearing note which includes a fixed margin which is adjustable based upon our debt rating (as defined in our senior credit facility). Its fair value is estimated by discounting cash flows using LIBOR plus a margin reflecting current market conditions obtained from participating member financial institutions (Level 2 fair value measurement). The remaining instruments, including our commercial paper, are variable interest rate bearing notes for which the carrying value approximates the fair value.
The term loans under our 2018 Credit Agreement and our Term Credit Agreement (both as defined in Note 12) are variable interest rate bearing notes which include a fixed margin which is adjustable based upon our debt rating. The senior floating rate notes are variable interest rate bearing notes which include a fixed margin. The fair value of the term loans and the senior floating rate notes are estimated by discounting cash flows using LIBOR plus a margin reflecting current market conditions obtained from participating member financial institutions (Level 2 fair value measurement). The fair value of the remaining long-term debt, which is primarily fixed interest rate, is estimated by discounting cash flows using interest rates currently available for debt with similar terms and maturities (Level 2 fair value measurement).
The carrying amounts of certain of our financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and short-term borrowings, approximate fair value as of May 31, 2019, and February 28, 2019, due to the relatively short maturity of these instruments. As of May 31, 2019, the carrying amount of long-term debt, including the current portion, was $12,811.2 million, compared with an estimated fair value of $13,199.1 million. As of February 28, 2019, the carrying amount of long-term debt, including the current portion, was $12,825.0 million, compared with an estimated fair value of $12,768.5 million.
Recurring basis measurements
The following table presents our financial assets and liabilities measured at estimated fair value on a recurring basis:
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef