|6 Months Ended|
Aug. 31, 2018
|Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]|
Our effective tax rate for the six months ended August 31, 2018, and August 31, 2017, was 16.3% and 18.2%, respectively. Our effective tax rate for the three months ended August 31, 2018, and August 31, 2017, was 15.7% and 20.5%, respectively.
For the six months and three months ended August 31, 2018, our effective tax rate was lower than the federal statutory rate of 21% primarily due to (i) lower effective tax rates applicable to our foreign businesses and (ii) the recognition of a net income tax benefit from stock-based compensation award activity. For the six months ended August 31, 2018, our effective tax rate also benefited from the reversal of valuation allowances in connection with the sale of our Accolade Wine Investment. For the six months and three months ended August 31, 2017, our effective tax rate was lower than the federal statutory rate of 35% primarily due to (i) lower effective tax rates applicable to our foreign businesses, including our assertion regarding indefinitely reinvesting earnings of certain foreign subsidiaries, and (ii) the recognition of a net income tax benefit from stock-based compensation award activity.
On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “TCJ Act”) was signed into law. The TCJ Act significantly changes U.S. corporate income taxes. Additionally, in December 2017, the SEC issued guidance related to the income tax accounting implications of the TCJ Act. This guidance provides a measurement period, which extends no longer than one year from the enactment date of the TCJ Act, during which a company may complete its accounting for the income tax implications of the TCJ Act. In accordance with this guidance, we recorded a provisional net income tax benefit for the year ended February 28, 2018. Refer to Note 13 of our consolidated financial statements included in our 2018 Annual Report for further information.
We did not record any material adjustments to this provisional amount for the six months and three months ended August 31, 2018. However, as we complete our analysis of the TCJ Act and incorporate additional guidance that may be issued by the U.S. Treasury Department, the IRS and other standard-setting bodies, we may adjust the recorded provisional amounts in subsequent reporting periods. Those adjustments may materially impact our provision for income taxes and effective tax rate in the period in which the adjustments are made.
The TCJ Act also creates a new requirement that certain income earned by foreign subsidiaries (“GILTI”) be included in U.S. gross income. The FASB allows an accounting policy election of either recognizing deferred taxes for temporary differences expected to reverse as GILTI in future years or recognizing such taxes as a current period expense when incurred. We have elected to treat the tax effect of GILTI as a current-period expense when incurred.
The entire disclosure for income taxes. Disclosures may include net deferred tax liability or asset recognized in an enterprise's statement of financial position, net change during the year in the total valuation allowance, approximate tax effect of each type of temporary difference and carryforward that gives rise to a significant portion of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets, utilization of a tax carryback, and tax uncertainties information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef